Mogao Grottoes records the rise and fall of modern times from the Sixteen Kingdoms, Northern Dynasties, Sui and Tang Dynasties to the Qing Dynasty. It records the prosperity of this dynasty, the blending of cultures, and the humiliation of the late Qing Dynasty. Mogao Grottoes is like a well-experienced old man, slowly telling us about the long history, the rise and fall of this glory and shame.
Mogao Grottoes, commonly known as Thousand Buddha Caves, is located in Dunhuang at the western end of the Hexi Corridor. It was built in the pre-Qin period of the Sixteen Kingdoms and formed a huge scale. There are 735 caves, 45,000 square meters of murals, and 2,415 clay sculptures. It is the largest and most abundant Buddhist art site in the world.